# Truth Tests (bool)

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## Truth Tests (bool)

 Hi Guys, >>> 3 and 4, [3, 4] and []       (4, []) >>> 3 and 4 4 How to compare value in logical operation empty list [] = False How to and operation working, please guide me guys. Did I learn something today? If not, I wasted it. _______________________________________________ BangPypers mailing list [hidden email] http://mail.python.org/mailman/listinfo/bangpypers
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## Re: Truth Tests (bool)

 They are called Python Logic Short Circuits. A good way to remember this is here http://uthcode.appspot.com/blog/2011/07/Python-Logic-short-circuits#comment-266357377For your other question, an empty list is always fast. -- Senthil On Tue, Jan 10, 2012 at 10:28:43PM +0530, Ganesh Kumar wrote: > > Did I learn something today? If not, I wasted it. (Don't be so hard on yourself. :) ) _______________________________________________ BangPypers mailing list [hidden email] http://mail.python.org/mailman/listinfo/bangpypers
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## Re: Truth Tests (bool)

 In reply to this post by Ganesh Kumar-13 On Tue, Jan 10, 2012 at 10:28 PM, Ganesh Kumar <[hidden email]> wrote: > Hi Guys, > >>>> 3 and 4, [3, 4] and [] >      (4, []) >>>> 3 and 4 > 4 > > How to compare value in logical operation > > empty list [] = False > How to and operation working, please guide me guys. Google turns up a few million links (literally) for "Python truth test". Take a look at http://python.about.com/od/pythonstandardlibrary/p/truth_values.htmfor example. It is not clear what you want from your description. To check if a list is empty, see if len( list ) is zero. Regards, Gora _______________________________________________ BangPypers mailing list [hidden email] http://mail.python.org/mailman/listinfo/bangpypers
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## Re: Truth Tests (bool)

 On Tue, Jan 10, 2012 at 10:55:58PM +0530, Gora Mohanty wrote: > To check if a list is empty, see if len( list ) is zero. I think, usually we just test the empty list for it's False-ness. Isn't it? -- Senthil _______________________________________________ BangPypers mailing list [hidden email] http://mail.python.org/mailman/listinfo/bangpypers
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## Re: Truth Tests (bool)

 HI. > I think, usually we just test the empty list for it's False-ness. > Isn't it? > > In [8]: x = [] In [9]: bool(x) Out[9]: False -Ganesh. _______________________________________________ BangPypers mailing list [hidden email] http://mail.python.org/mailman/listinfo/bangpypers
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## Re: Truth Tests (bool)

 In reply to this post by Gora Mohanty-5 Gora Mohanty <[hidden email]> writes: [...] > It is not clear what you want from your description.  To check if a > list is empty, see if len( list ) is zero. [...] You don't want to do that. Your "list" might be a generator (unless you check for type which is a bad idea anyway) and "len"ing that will consume it which might be a potentially expensive operation. Truth testing in general is implemted using the __nonzero__ magic method[1]. Lists don't have a __nonzero__ so the truth value is determined using the length (as you've said) but manually doing it on something that you don't know the type of is not usually a good idea. Footnotes: [1]  http://docs.python.org/reference/datamodel.html#object.__nonzero__-- ~noufal http://nibrahim.net.inMay I ask a question? _______________________________________________ BangPypers mailing list [hidden email] http://mail.python.org/mailman/listinfo/bangpypers
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## Re: Truth Tests (bool)

 https://gist.github.com/1327614#file_truth.pyI hacked together this little script to cover (hopefully) all the cases for my reference. - d _______________________________________________ BangPypers mailing list [hidden email] http://mail.python.org/mailman/listinfo/bangpypers
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## Re: Truth Tests (bool)

 In reply to this post by Noufal Ibrahim On Wed, Jan 11, 2012 at 09:49:58AM +0530, Noufal Ibrahim wrote: > > It is not clear what you want from your description.  To check if a > > list is empty, see if len( list ) is zero. > > You don't want to do that. Your "list" might be a generator (unless you > check for type which is a bad idea anyway) and "len"ing that will > consume it which might be a potentially expensive operation. While the explaination on __nonzero__ is useful out of this context, how can list be a generator? I am assuming that none are confusing the terminologies. In practical cases for testing boolean in lists, just use the list as the test. Empty list is false. -- Senthil _______________________________________________ BangPypers mailing list [hidden email] http://mail.python.org/mailman/listinfo/bangpypers
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## Re: Truth Tests (bool)

 In reply to this post by Saager Mhatre On Wed, Jan 11, 2012 at 03:14:05PM +0530, Saager Mhatre wrote: > https://gist.github.com/1327614#file_truth.py> I hacked together this little script to cover (hopefully) all the cases for > my reference. Cool. Good to see some difficult to comprehend code. :) The bool's are intuitively easier to remember in Python. -- Senthil _______________________________________________ BangPypers mailing list [hidden email] http://mail.python.org/mailman/listinfo/bangpypers
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## Re: Truth Tests (bool)

 In reply to this post by Senthil Kumaran-7 Senthil Kumaran <[hidden email]> writes: > On Wed, Jan 11, 2012 at 09:49:58AM +0530, Noufal Ibrahim wrote: > >> > It is not clear what you want from your description.  To check if a >> > list is empty, see if len( list ) is zero. >> >> You don't want to do that. Your "list" might be a generator (unless you >> check for type which is a bad idea anyway) and "len"ing that will >> consume it which might be a potentially expensive operation. > > While the explaination on __nonzero__ is useful out of this context, > how can list be a generator? I am assuming that none are confusing the > terminologies. A list can't be a generator but if you write a function to receive an iterable x and then do a len(x) to check it it's True or False, it will work fine for lists but passing a generator this function might have unpredictable results. That's why I'm cautioning against using `len` to check for whether an object is empty or not. > In practical cases for testing boolean in lists, just use the list as > the test. Empty list is false. Agreed. This is the right way to do it rather than using len. -- ~noufal http://nibrahim.net.inWhy don't you pair `em up in threes? -Yogi Berra _______________________________________________ BangPypers mailing list [hidden email] http://mail.python.org/mailman/listinfo/bangpypers
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## Re: Truth Tests (bool)

 In reply to this post by Noufal Ibrahim On Wed, Jan 11, 2012 at 9:49 AM, Noufal Ibrahim <[hidden email]>wrote: > Gora Mohanty <[hidden email]> writes: > > > [...] > > > It is not clear what you want from your description.  To check if a > > list is empty, see if len( list ) is zero. > > [...] > > You don't want to do that. Your "list" might be a generator (unless you > check for type which is a bad idea anyway) and "len"ing that will > consume it which might be a potentially expensive operation. Noufal, Noticed something interesting as I was updating truth.py to include generators and generator expressions; the `len` function doesn't handle generators at all. \$ *python -c 'len(i for i in range(10))'* Traceback (most recent call last):   File "", line 1, in TypeError: object of type 'generator' has no len() I'm pretty sure you just meant 'iterable' where you wrote 'generator', or didn't you? - d _______________________________________________ BangPypers mailing list [hidden email] http://mail.python.org/mailman/listinfo/bangpypers
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## Re: Truth Tests (bool)

 I would like to clear things here.I am assuming beginner as  a common denominator to this post. len() method is  just a shortcut to __len__ magic method .So when you  call len() on your own container type ,it does not traverse whole sequence ,it just calls __len__ method and returns value(assume self.size=0 in constructor) from this method.This value incremented or decremented in  add and remove method on your container type. Moreover,there can never be length method on iterators - (generators are also iterators,not vice versa).Iterators are meant for traversing a sequence or container,they do not keep track of length..generators are meant to produce infinite items. When you call len(list) or len(deque) or any collection type,they override this __len__ internally or some other similar mechanism .That is very much “similar” to ArrayList here in java. http://grepcode.com/file/repository.grepcode.com/java/root/jdk/openjdk/6-b14/java/util/ArrayList.javathe same can be seen here .. http://hg.python.org/cpython/file/ba975c7c33d3/Modules/_collectionsmodule.cTo make your type iterable ,you just have to implement __iter__ and next() method,there is  no __len__ method here.So you will always receive " there is no len() method your object method".Since you passed generator object to it.you received that error. This whole discussion is equal to IEnumerable and ICollection in C#. python gist is here ,https://gist.github.com/1607183anybody can test it. Thanks & Regards, Sreenivas Reddy Thatiparthy, 9703888668. "Anyone who has never made a mistake has never tried anything new !!! " --Albert Einstein _______________________________________________ BangPypers mailing list [hidden email] http://mail.python.org/mailman/listinfo/bangpypers
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## Re: Truth Tests (bool)

 In reply to this post by Saager Mhatre Saager Mhatre <[hidden email]> writes: [...] > I'm pretty sure you just meant 'iterable' where you wrote 'generator', > or didn't you? [...] Yes. I did. It was a slip up. -- ~noufal http://nibrahim.net.inI'm proud of my humility. _______________________________________________ BangPypers mailing list [hidden email] http://mail.python.org/mailman/listinfo/bangpypers
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## Re: Truth Tests (bool)

 In reply to this post by Sreenivas Reddy T Sreenivas Reddy T <[hidden email]> writes: > I would like to clear things here.I am assuming beginner as  a common > denominator to this post. > > len() method is just a shortcut to __len__ magic method .So when you > call len() on your own container type ,it does not traverse whole > sequence ,it just calls __len__ method and returns value(assume > self.size=0 in constructor) from this method.This value incremented or > decremented in add and remove method on your container type. This is an interesting point especially with Python3 returning something other than lists for things like dict.keys. I'll dig into this a little. Thanks. [...] -- ~noufal http://nibrahim.net.inHonk if you are against noise pollution! _______________________________________________ BangPypers mailing list [hidden email] http://mail.python.org/mailman/listinfo/bangpypers
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## Re: Truth Tests (bool)

 On Sat, Jan 14, 2012 at 12:20:11AM +0530, Noufal Ibrahim wrote: > > len() method is just a shortcut to __len__ magic method .So when you > > call len() on your own container type ,it does not traverse whole > > sequence ,it just calls __len__ method and returns value(assume > > self.size=0 in constructor) from this method.This value incremented or > > decremented in add and remove method on your container type. > > This is an interesting point especially with Python3 returning something > other than lists for things like dict.keys. I'll dig into this a > little. Yeah, dict view or in general the concept of memoryview, but they do have len(). -- Senthil _______________________________________________ BangPypers mailing list [hidden email] http://mail.python.org/mailman/listinfo/bangpypers